OXYCHEILINUS DIGRAMMA - (LACEPEDE, 1801)
Picture courtesy of: Alain Daoulas
Actinopterygii (Gigaclass) > Actinopteri (Class) > Teleostei (Subclass) > Perciformes (Order) > Labroidei (Suborder) > Labridae (Family) > Oxycheilinus (Genus)
Vieille à lignes violettes, Vieille barbe noire, Bandcheek wrasse, Cheek-lined Maori wrasse, Cheek-lined wrasse, Cheeklined maori, Cheeklined Maori wrasse, Cheeklined wrasse, Scribbled wrasse, Violet-lined wrasse, Violetline maori wrasse, Wangenband-Lippfisch, Wangenstreifen-Prachtlippfisch, Tordo, Bodião barbanegra, Streepwang-lipvis, Hoosuji-mochino-uo, Hôsuji-mochino-uo, ホホスジモチノウオ, 双线尖唇鱼,
Cheilinus coccineus (Rüppell, 1828)
Cheilinus commersoni (Bennett, 1832)
Cheilinus diagramma (Lacepède, 1801)
Cheilinus diagrammus (Valenciennes, 1840)
Cheilinus diagrammus (Lacepède, 1801)
Cheilinus digramma (Lacepède, 1801)
Cheilinus digrammas (Lacepède, 1801)
Cheilinus digrammus (Lacepède, 1801)
Cheilinus lacrymans (Valenciennes, 1840)
Cheilinus radiatus (Valenciennes, 1840)
Cheilinus roseus (Valenciennes, 1840)
Labrus digramma (Lacepède, 1801)
Oxycheilinus diagrammus (Lacepède, 1801)
Oxycheilinus digrammus (Lacepède, 1801)
Sparus radiatus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 8-11; Pectoral fins with 2 unbranched and 10 branched rays; Pelvic fins short, not reaching to anus; Caudal fin slightly rounded to truncate, with corners produced into short pointed lobes; Body moderately slender, its depth: 2.9-3.2 in standard length. Head pointed, dorsal profile nearly straight, slightly concave in front of eye in large adults; Lower jaw prominent, 2 strong canines anteriorly in each jaw; No enlarged tooth present on rear of upper jaw; Corner of mouth extending rearward to vertical at forward extent of orbit. Posterior ends of dorsal and anal fins bluntly pointed to rounded; Scaly sheath extending onto dorsal and anal fins. Lateral line interrupted below posterior portion of dorsal-fin base, with 14-16 scales on anterior portion and 7-9 on peduncular part; Predorsal scales: 6, reaching forward to vertical at centre of eye; Cheek scales reaching just anterior to forward extent of orbit, broad naked margins adjacent to orbit and free preopercular edge; Subopercular scales extending anteriorly to vertical at centre of eye. Max length: 40.0 cm SL. Depth range: 3 - 60 m.
Variably colored, body olive green to grey-brown fading to orange red on anteroventral surface, with an orange-red bar or spot on each scale; Head grey-green with irregular orange lines on upper part parallel to dorsal profile, radiating from eye, and a series of about 8 diagonal purple lines on lower cheek nearly perpendicular to upper linear series; Large central portion of caudal fin mainly green; May have a narrow longitudinal dark stripe on body; Dorsal and anal fins with 2 or 3 longitudinal lines, alternating orange and blue; Pectoral fins largely clear with light red base; Pelvic fins clear distally, proximally orange-red. Juveniles have a broad orange to brownish mid-lateral stripe with two small dark spots on the rear of this stripe.
Oxycheilinus: from Greek, oxys = sharp + from Greek, cheilos = lip.
digramma: from Greek, di or dis = two, double, twice + from Greek, gramma = mark.
Original description: Labrus digramma Lacepède, 1801 - Type locality: Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean.
Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), Socotra, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Wake Atoll and Gambier Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Australia, New Caledonia and Tonga.
Found solitary in lagoon and sheltered seaward reefs in coral rich areas. Young is more inshore on sheltered reef crests or slopes, usually amongst soft corals or stinging hydrozoans. Feeds on hard-shelled mollusks, crustaceans, and sea urchins. The species is observed to swim with a group of goatfish and change its color to resemble these fish, it then darts out from the group to catch small fish. This species curiously approaches divers closely. Aquarium fish.
Cheilinus oxycephalus (Bleeker, 1853) - Reported from New Caledonia. Brownish red, mottled with small whitish spots; Dark brown spot anteriorly on each side of upper lip; Two dark lines diverging from the eye; Dark brown spot on the first two dorsal membranes. Deep-bodied for genus, and snout pointed.
Oxycheilinus unifasciatus (Streets, 1877) - Reported from New Caledonia - Link to the species (here). Differs by always lacking the white bar in front of the caudal base as well as the area clear of red streaks extending from the eye to just above the pectoral axis.