MAHIDOLIA MYSTACINA - (VALENCIENNES, 1837)
Picture courtesy of : Charpentier Franck (Flickr)Actinopterygii (Class) > Perciformes (Order) > Gobioidei (Suborder) > Gobiidae (Family) > Gobiinae (Subfamily) > Mahidolia (Genus)
Gobie à moustaches, Flagfin prawn goby, Flagfin shrimpgoby, Smiling goby, Glimlag-dikkop, Kasurihaze, 帆鳍鰕虎, 大口巨颌鰕虎鱼, カスリハゼ,
Gobius maxillaris (Macleay, 1878)
Gobius mystacina (Valenciennes, 1837)
Gobius mystacinus (Valenciennes, 1837)
Gobius pulverulentus (Kuhl & van Hasselt, 1837)
Mahidiolia duque (Smith, 1947)
Mahidiolia normani (Smith & Koumans, 1932)
Mahidoria mystacina (Valenciennes, 1837)
Oligolepis fasciatus (Wu & Lin, 1983)
Rictugobius normani (Koumans, 1932)
Waitea buchanani (Rao, 1972)
Waitea mystacina (Valenciennes, 1837)
Waitea parvida (Tanaka, 1915)
Dorsal spines (total): 7; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10; Anal spines: 1; Anal soft rays: 9. Characterized by generally pale grey to yellowish body color; about six slightly diagonal bands on body; head with orange spots; usually with one or more black spots on first dorsal fin; variable coloration of fins; first dorsal fin, fan like; united pelvic fins, frenum present; longitudinal scale series 33-37; head without scales; greatest depth of body 3.9-4.4 in SL; rounded caudal fin, about equal to head length. This species may at once by recognized by the large head, large mouth partly closed at the sides by a frenum extending between the upper and lower jaws, small teeth, backwardly-produced jaws. Max length: 8.0 cm TL. Depth range: 5 - 25 m, usually: 5 - 20 m.
Mahidolia: The genus is named in honor of His Royal Highness Prince Mahidol of Songkla, deceased, in appreciation of his substantial interest in the fishes and Fisheries of Siam. This interest was manifested in various ways, notably by the setting aside of a large fund for sending young Siamese abroad for special training in fishery work.
mystacina: from Latin, mystax = upper lip, mustache. In 1837, Valenciennes call this fish, mustache Goby.
Original description: Gobius mystacinus Valenciennes, 1837 - Type locality: Java, Indonesia.
Indo-West Pacific: East Africa to Micronesia, north to Japan, south to Australia and New Caledonia.
Occurs in silty coastal bays. Enters estuaries and freshwater tidal zone habitats. Found on muddy bottom at the base of the reef. In burrows with alpheid shrimps.