OSTORHINCHUS NIGROFASCIATUS - (LACHNER, 1953)
Picture courtesy of: Alain Daoulas
Actinopterygii (Gigaclass) > Actinopteri (Class) > Teleostei (Subclass) > Kurtiformes (Order) > Apogonidae (Family) > Apogoninae (Subfamily) > Ostorhinchus (Genus)
Apogon à rayures noires, Black-striped cardinalfish, Blackstriped cardinalfish, Blackbanded soldierfish, Blackstripe cardinalfish, Gestreifter Kardinalfisch, Pesce cardinale, Minami-futosuji-ishimochi, ミナミフトスジイシモチ, 大目側仔, 黑帶天竺鯛,
Apogon nigrofasciatus (Lachner, 1953)
Dorsal spines (total): 8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 8; Pectoral fin rays: 14; Pelvic fin rays: I, 5; Pored lateral line scales: 24; Predorsal scales: 4; Circumpeduncular scales: 12; Total gill rakers: 24, developed gill rakers: 18; Snout pointed; Greatest depth of body: 2.6-3.1 in SL. Max. length: 14.0 cm TL, common length: 9.0 cm SL. Depth range: 3 - 50 m.
Mostly black with thin white or yellow lines between the very broad black stripes running from snout to caudal fin base. Fins pink in some forms.
Ostorhinchus: from Greek, osteon = bone + from Greek, rhynchos = beak. In reference to the bony jaws, very much advanced and jagged, which take the place of the teeth.
nigrofasciatus: from Latin, nigro = black + from Latin, fascio = I envelop with bands, swathe. Referring to five horizontal black stripes.
Original description: Apogon nigrofasciatus Lachner, 1953 - Type locality: Yuro Island, Bikini Atoll, Marshall Islands, western Pacific.
Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa and Madagascar east to Marshall Islands and Tuamotu Archipelago, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia), Elizabeth Reef, New Caledonia, Tonga and Rapa.
Occurs on reef flats and shallow lagoon reef, usually seen singly or in pairs under ledges or in crevices. Feed on small benthic invertebrates at night. Mouthbrooders. Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning.
Ostorhinchus angustatus (Smith & Radcliffe, 1911) - Reported from New Caledonia - Link to the species (here). The blackish stripes on the head and body of Ostorhinchus angustatus are crisp, about the same width as the whitish stripes and there is a dark basicaudal spot.
Ostorhinchus regula (Fraser & Randall, 2003) - Reported from Western Pacific: Mariana Islands and Caroline Islands. Alternating golden-brownish and white stripes on head and body in life, broad dark brown stripes on upper and lower caudal peduncle, midlateral stripe without a developed spot, whitish stripe extending onto last 2 anal rays; Elongated last dorsal and anal rays; 12-13 circumpeduncular scales; 13-14 well developed gill rakers on first gill arch. Depth range: 30 - 60 m.
Last update: 21, September 2022